There are a number of signs to be on the lookout for that can indicate that your oral health is not what it should be. If you notice any of the following symptoms of gum disease, then you should visit your dentist to have a proper diagnosis and receive advice about how you should treat it:
The gums are bleeding
The pink gums turn red
You experience pain when you chew your food
You have bad breath all the time
The gums begin to shrink
There are several ways in which gum disease may be treated and the appropriate treatment for you will depend on the extent of the condition and your own medical history.
Gum disease is caused by the bacteria that flourish in your mouth after you eat and the food particles that are leftover. When the bacteria interact with your saliva, it causes a sticky, yellow substance called plaque to be produced. Plaque sticks to your teeth and gums and along with the bacteria cause infection.
You can remove the bacteria and plaque through an oral health routine that includes brushing, flossing and using a mouthwash. This should be done at least twice a day in order to protect your oral health.
If you do develop gum disease, there are a number of possible treatments that may be recommended:
Non-Invasive Dental Care
When you develop gum disease, you will most likely require some professional dental treatment. If it is not yet too serious, then your dentist may recommend non-invasive techniques to eradicate the condition.
Your dentist will perform deep cleaning treatments such as scaling to remove tartar build-up around the gum line or root planing where the bacteria are removed from around where the teeth meet the gums and pockets of bacteria form.
There are some medications that are recommended for overcoming gum disease. One of the main kinds of medications that are prescribed is antibiotics. These are able to get rid of a lot of the bacterial build up that is causing the gum disease infection.
If the gum disease is advanced, then it may require surgical procedures to be performed by your dentist. At this stage, it means that your gum tissue is very diseased; invasive procedures are the only way to get rid of the infection.
Gum graft surgery or guided tissue regeneration may will be required if your gum bone is seriously damaged. Flap surgery may also be performed where the gums are dealt with surgically in order to remove the infection and then the gums are stitched back into place.